50 Highest Paying Jobs in Public Health

Now is a great time to pursue a career in public health. A diverse and rewarding field, public health offers meaningful career opportunities for people at all educational levels. No matter what your interests, odds are you will be able to find a position you enjoy in public health.

Accredited Online Public Health Degrees

  1. B.S. in Health Promotion and Wellness – Walden University (Request free info)
  2. Master of Public Health – Kaplan University (Request free info)
  3. Master of Public Health – University of Liverpool (Request free info)

Here are 50 of the top paying jobs in public health organized by formal educational requirements. The further down the list you go, the more education and training required.

No College Degree Required

Reproductive Health Specialist

Reproductive health specialists provide essential services and health education to the general public. They assist with family planning tasks and may take samples for HIV/AIDS and STD testing. Some reproductive health specialists also handle basic medical billing and reception duties.

Typical Workplace Environment
The majority of reproductive health specialists work in family planning-oriented health facilities. As such, they work in a medical office environment. Reproductive health specialists work for both government agencies and private organizations.

Education/Training Requirements
Reproductive health specialists must have some prior experience in medical assisting. Facilities in some states require reproductive health specialists to hold a medical assisting license. Most reproductive health specialists also have some training in public health education.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for reproductive health specialists vary greatly according to geographic region. Most individuals in these roles earn between $30,000 – $55,000 per year. Salaries increase significantly as reproductive health specialists gain experience in this field. The demand for these specialists is growing at a rate much faster than demand for trained professionals in almost all other fields.

Community Health Worker

Community Health Workers promote healthy living by educating people in their communities about disease prevention and by connecting them to formal health and human service systems. In addition to providing informal counseling and support, they often advocate for the health needs of their community, while building their community’s capacity act on their own behalf.

Typical Workplace Environment
Community Health Workers can be found in hospitals, community health centers, social service organizations, and public health departments. They spend most of their time in the community rather than in an office.

Education/Training Requirements
Education requirements for Community Health Workers vary by state, city, and employer. Workers typically undergo some formal training and certification process, though they do not always possess a college degree.

Salary Range
The typical salary for Community Health Workers varies significantly, ranging from $28,000 – $60,000 depending upon the particular employer and worker’s level of experience, among other things.
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Certificate or Associate’s Degree Typically Required

Accredited Online Public Health Degrees

  1. AAS in Human Services – Kaplan University (Request free info)
  2. B.S. in Health Promotion and Wellness – Walden University (Request free info)
  3. Master of Public Health – Kaplan University (Request free info)

Nutritionist

Nutritionists are experts in the dietary requirements of human beings. They analyze the habits and characteristics of individuals in order to create meal plans and administer advice on what should be eaten to achieve specific health goals or to maintain general health.

Typical Workplace Environment
Nearly one-third of nutritionists are employed by hospitals. Approximately 10 percent work in outpatient clinics or doctors’ offices while 8 percent work in nursing homes. Other employers include schools and cafeterias. About 15 percent of dieticians are self-employed and work from home offices.

Education/Training Requirements
Many dieticians have an associate’s or a bachelor’s degree in nutrition, food management or a similar discipline, but a degree may not always be required. Most states, however, do require that nutritionists hold a state license. Academic programs are also available for students who wish to earn a registered dietician (RD) credential.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
As of 2010, the median salary of dieticians in the U.S. was $53,250. However, the pay range of the middle 80 percent is $33,330 to $75,480. The number of available jobs for dieticians is expected to rise by 20 percent from 2010 to 2020.

Public Health Nurse

The job of a public health nurse is to improve community health. They provide education and increased health care access to areas that lack adequate medical services.

Typical Working Environment
Public health nurses usually work for government agencies, community health centers and many other organizations that improve community access to health care. They sometimes work in multidisciplinary teams to solve public health concerns.

Education and Training Requirements
Public health nurses must complete both the education requirements and the licensing process to become a registered nurse. These requirements vary between states.

The training requirements for a public health nurse fluctuates with each employer. Most employers require public health nurses to complete a specialized training program before they are allowed to work in the field.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
The average salary of a public health nurse is $51,000 a year. The employment outlook for this position is encouraging. The expected growth for public health nurses is excellent because of the increasing demand for nurses in the health care industry.

Environmental Health Technician

Environmental health technicians perform tests in the field or in laboratories to monitor the state of the environment as it relates to public health. Among the tests most commonly performed is the measurement of pollution levels. Environmental health technicians work under the supervision of environmental specialists.

Typical Workplace Environment
Environmental health technicians may perform their duties in the field, in offices or in laboratory settings. Most of these technicians work for scientific and technical consulting firms, but others work for the government, for hospitals or for testing laboratories.

Education/Training Requirements
Some entry-level positions for environmental health technicians require only a high school diploma, but most employers require that applicants possess an associate’s degree or a certification in environmental studies or geographic information systems.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
In 2010, the median salary for environmental health technicians was $41,380. The pay for the bottom 10 percent was less than $26,590, and the top 10 percent earned over $67,630 per year. The total number of positions for environmental health technicians in the U.S. is expected to increase by 24 percent from 2010 to 2020.

Public Health Inspector

Public health inspectors’ responsibilities include inspecting public buildings as well as businesses such as restaurants for safety and health code violations. Other duties of public health inspectors include writing reports and issuing citations.

Typical Work Environment
Most public health inspectors work for private companies while the rest are employed by state and local governments.

Education/Training Requirements
Education requirements for public health inspectors generally include an associate’s or a bachelor’s degree in science or public safety.

Salary and Job Outlook
Salaries for public health inspectors are based on each inspector’s location, education level and number of years of experience. The average public health inspector earns $39,000 per year. With fewer and fewer people pursuing science degrees, public health inspectors continue to be in high demand.
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Bachelor’s Degree Typically Required

Accredited Online Bachelor’s in Public Health Degrees

  1. BS in Health Promotion & Wellness – Walden University (Request free info)
  2. BS in Health & Community Services – Post University (Request free info)
  3. BS in Child and Family Welfare – Walden University (Request free info)

Public Health Engineer

Public Health Engineers work to ensure that infrastructure, machinery and equipment is properly designed and maintained to reduce the risk of injury, illness or infection to the general public.

Typical Workplace Environment
Public Health Engineers spend the majority of their time in an office setting, but traveling to meet with the public is not uncommon.

Education/Training Requirements
Public Health Engineers are typically required to hold a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in engineering with a concentration in either mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, electrical engineering or industrial engineering.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary for Public Health Engineers can vary according to experience, education and region. Salaries range from $45,530 – $114,470, and professionals working for state governments tend to be paid the most. Demand for Public Health Engineers is projected to grow at the same rate as most occupations.

Industrial Hygienist

Industrial hygienists are scientists and engineers who work to minimize the public health risks of the workplace environment. Hygienists conduct research on potentially dangerous workplace situations and devise strategies to minimize the public health risks of these situations. They train workers to avoid potentially hazardous situations, and they advise governments and regulators in the development of workplace standards to minimize health dangers.

Workplace Environment
Industrial hygienists will spend the majority of their time working in an office. However, industrial hygienists occasionally need to travel to inspect facilities or conduct research. While traveling, industrial hygienists may be exposed to many environments.

Education and Training Requirements
To become an industrial hygienist, an individual will need to pass a rigorous examination and possess a bachelor’s degree in engineering, chemistry or physics. With relevant experience, an individual may substitute a related degree in place of the specified field of study.

Salary Expectations and Employment Opportunities
Most industrial hygienists earn between $45,000 and $114,000 per year, depending on experience, education and location. Job growth is expected to be average over the next ten years.

State/Federal Environmentalist

State environmentalists, also know as sanitarians, perform a critical role in protecting public health. Sanitarians identify and study environmental factors that may negatively impact public health. They collect data on environmental threats, and they run experiments to determine the level of threat that various toxins and pollutants may pose to the environment and the public. State environmentalists are also involved in land-use planning, conduct environmental impact studies, and aid in crafting new regulatory frameworks and laws.

Working Conditions
State environmentalists have varied working conditions. Some environmentalists spend most of their time working in a laboratory, and other environmentalists spend most of their working life collecting samples and data in the field. Senior environmentalists may spend more time working in an office.

Education and Training Requirements
To become an environmentalist, an individual must possess a bachelor’s degree in a relevant scientific field, such as biology or chemistry. Advanced degrees may also be necessary. No special training or certification is necessary beyond the educational requirements.

Salary Expectations and Opportunities
Environmentalists can expect to earn between $40,000 – $107,000 per year. Job growth is expected to be strong in this field; population and economic growth is increasing the need for environmentalists.

Environmental Health Emergency Response Specialist

Environmental Health Emergency Response Specialists work to coordinate efforts to rescue and assist affected members of a population that has experienced an environmental health emergency. These professionals also work to establish plans of action in case of an emergency.

Typical Workplace Environment
Environmental Health Emergency Response Specialists work in the field in conjunction with community leaders in order to put emergency preparedness plans into place. During an emergency, these professionals will work in the field to ensure that plans are being carried out.

Education/Training Requirements
Environmental Health Emergency Response Specialists are generally required to hold a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in environmental science, biology or chemistry.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary of an Environmental Health Emergency Response Specialists ranges from $29,000 – $101,000. Region weighs heavily on salary for these professionals, and individuals working in large metropolitan areas on the West Coast and in the Northeast make the most. Demand is expected to grow quicker than average for this occupation.

NGO Director

Individuals who direct nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are responsible for a wide variety of managerial and oversight tasks. They are generally required to manage organizational initiatives and budgets. NGO directors must be passionate about the communities with which they work.

Typical Workplace Environment
NGO directors work in nonprofit organizations around the globe. They do the majority of their work in the home offices of such organizations. However, NGO directors are expected to visit the communities in which they work on a regular basis. They may be required to travel extensively.

Education/Training Requirements
The majority of NGO directors hold at least a four-year degree in liberal arts, social sciences or a field closely affiliated with the area in which their NGO works. Many NGO directors also hold an MBA or other advanced management degree. They must have extensive experience working with NGOs.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for NGO directors vary greatly according to location. The average NGO salary is estimated to be approximately $64,000 per year. Directors at high-profile organizations may earn salaries in excess of $100,000 per year. The employment outlook in this field is stable but can quickly change with economic upswings or downturns.

Health Communications Specialist

Health Communications Specialist work to provide information to the public and media about illness and healthy living. They package new research and clinical trial results in understandable formats for public use. They also advocate for public health initiatives and guide public understanding about control of epidemics and healthy lifestyles.

Typical Workplace Environment
Health Communications Specialists can work in a variety of settings, including public venues, offices and community settings. Specialists can be planning events, drafting press releases and communicating with media outlets.

Education/Training Requirements
Common requirements for Health Communication Specialists are five years in related communication, including business and healthcare, and a bachelor’s degree in fields like journalism or communication studies. Specialists also must be skilled in production of publications and presentations for use in media.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries range by geography, experience and employer, from $30,000 to $96,000. Estimates predict that employment for Health Communications Specialists will grow much faster than average.

Accredited Online Bachelor’s in Public Health Degrees

  1. BS in Health Promotion & Wellness – Walden University (Request free info)
  2. BS in Health & Community Services – Post University (Request free info)
  3. BS in Child and Family Welfare – Walden University (Request free info)

Nurse Educator

Nurse educators are experienced nurses who teach nursing classes to students and also serve as mentors to new graduates. As teachers, they work closely with students, implement coursework and develop lesson plans. They may also work at the administrative level, and a few go on to become college deans.

Typical Workplace Environment
Many nurse educators work inside classrooms at colleges and universities. Those who serve as deans or administrators work inside offices. Clinical nurse educators work at hospitals, community clinics and medical offices. In some cases, nurses are able to combine patient care with teaching.

Education and Training Requirements
Prior to instructing students, nurse educators must first become registered nurses and have experience caring for patients. They must also keep up with current trends in medicine. At the minimum, a bachelor’s degree is required, but many nurse educators obtain advanced degrees.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
A typical salary varies by workplace and geographical location, but generally, the average wage is between $51,000 and $99,000. As more people enter the nursing profession, the need for nurse educators is expected to increase.

Disease Ecologist

Disease ecologists perform the important task of researching and evaluating the impact of ecological changes on the spread of infectious diseases and other pathogens. They help determine the true burden of human changes to the environment and any health-related issues that result.

Workplace Environment
Disease ecologists work in a variety of settings that are clean and comfortable. A specialist in disease ecology will often work in a university or other higher education setting as a professor. Others work in laboratories, public health organizations, national parks, state parks, and similar locations.

Education Required
Most entry-level disease ecologist positions require a bachelor’s degree in biology or ecology with a concentration in disease ecology. University professors will require a PhD degree in the field, as well as a history of published research.

Typical Salary and Career Outlook for Disease Ecologists
As of 2011, the salary range for disease ecologists was $36,000 – $90,000. Pay is determined partly by geographical location and partly by one’s seniority in the field. The career outlook for disease ecologists is good, particularly as companies and governments become more concerned with how they impact the environment.

Health Promotion Program Coordinator

Health promotion program coordinators oversee the planning and management of public health promotion programs. They work closely with program developers, managers and outcomes researchers. Program coordinators may develop educational materials and are generally required to apply for grant funding for their programs.

Typical Workplace Environment
Health promotion program coordinators generally work for government agencies, nonprofit organizations and universities. They spend the majority of their time in an office environment.

Education/Training Requirements
Health promotion program coordinators generally hold at least a B.A. degree in public health or a related field. Many organizations require job candidates to hold an M.A. degree. Most health promotion program coordinators also have prior experience in program management.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for health promotion program coordinators are generally based upon the size of a program and an individual’s previous experience. Starting salaries range between $40,000 – $50,000 per year. Coordinators who work at the national level in large programs earn between $80,000 – $90,000 per year. Demand for health promotion program coordinators is rising at a steady rate in urban areas.

Public Health Information Officer

Public health information officers are responsible for providing information about major health issues to the public and for promoting disease prevention. They may conduct community-based research in order to identify major health issues. Public health information officers also provide information about clinics and health programs to the general public.

Typical Workplace Environment
The majority of public health information officers work in public health departments or large hospitals. They spend most of their time in the office but may give presentations to the general public or professional groups outside of the office.

Education/Training Requirements
Public health information officers must hold at least a BA degree in public health. Many individuals in these positions hold MA degrees in public health or health education.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Experienced public health information officers earn salaries between $49,000 – $91,800 per year. Those individuals who work in hospitals tend to earn higher salaries than those who work in public health departments. Demand for specialists in this area is expected to remain high for the foreseeable future.

Medical Writer

Medical writers’ responsibilities include crafting documents on medical issues in clear and concise language. Medical writers contribute to public health by writing press releases, web content and patient education materials for medical centers and other organizations. In addition, medical writers prepare reports for companies seeking approval for new medicines and medical devices that might benefit the public.

Typical Working Environment
Medical writers work for a variety of employers including hospitals, medical schools and private pharmaceutical, marketing or research companies. Approximately 30 percent of medical writers are freelancers.

Education Requirements
Education requirements for medical writers vary but generally include a bachelor’s degree in English, journalism or a medical-related field.

Typical Salary and Employment Outlook
Salaries for medical writers vary based on the individual writer’s location, employer, education level and the type of writing in which he or she is engaged. The average salary for a medical writer is $72,000. Medical writers are highly sought-after, and their employment outlook is expected to improve as the health care industry expands to meet demand.

Emergency Preparedness Specialist

Emergency preparedness specialists are responsible for providing emergency preparedness training to first responders and the general public. They are also required to evaluate community-wide emergency preparedness and may formulate disaster or terrorism response plans.

Typical Workplace Environment
Emergency preparedness specialists generally work for municipal, state and federal public safety offices. They are required to interface with other safety professionals and make regular trips to community centers, schools and other public gathering places. Some specialists work in industrial facilities.

Education/Training Requirements
The majority of emergency preparedness specialists hold a four-year degree in public or urban planning. They generally have previous experience in the field of emergency preparedness and management.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for emergency preparedness specialists vary greatly according to geographic area. Those specialists employed by private businesses and federal agencies tend to make more than other specialists in this area. Most emergency preparedness specialists earn between $39,000 – $71,000 per year. Demand for these specialists is expected to rise steadily for the foreseeable future.

Consumer Safety Officer

Consumer safety officers work to enforce the regulations of the FDA. These officers investigate violations of FDA regulations and start legal actions against violators. Additionally, consumer safety officers help all levels of the public to interpret FDA regulations. Consumer safety officers help design inspection procedures, and they also help coordinate the approval of new drugs.

Typical Working Environment
Most of a consumer safety officer’s days will be spent working out of an office. However, consumer safety officers will often need to travel to the site of an investigation; officers may be forced to work in a variety of different environments while working on-site.

Education and Training Requirements
Consumer safety officers are required to have at least 30 semester-hours of study in a field related to public health, such as biology, nursing or nutrition. Additionally, a prospective consumer safety officer will need either a bachelor’s degree or relevant experience in a similar position.

Salary and Opportunities
Consumer safety officers can expect to make between $28,000 and $71,000 per year, depending on education, experience and location. The FDA is almost always hiring for this position, but there are few openings and competition is fierce.

Health and Wellness Manager

Health and wellness managers analyze data about health issues in given populations and design intervention programs to address those issues. Most health and wellness managers also provide health education classes or seminars. They are required to conduct research to gauge the success of health programs.

Typical Workplace Environment
Health and wellness managers work both in public health facilities and for private corporations. They spend the majority of their time working in a traditional office environment but are also required to interface with the general public or corporate employees in order to conduct basic research and offer health education.

Education/Training Requirements
Most health and wellness managers hold at least a B.A. degree in exercise science or a related field. Some employers require individuals in these roles to hold M.A. degrees in public health.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for health and wellness managers vary according to experience level. Most professionals in this field earn between $39,000 – $70,000 per year. Demand for health and wellness managers in both public and private settings is growing rapidly.

Behavioral Health Program Coordinator

Behavioral health program coordinators work closely with mental health professionals, patients and the general community to provide high-quality behavioral health services. They are required to work closely with case managers in order to evaluate program strengths and weaknesses.

Typical Workplace Environment
The majority of behavioral health program coordinators work in public mental health and behavioral health facilities. They complete most tasks in an office environment but are also required to interface with the public at special events. Some behavioral health program coordinators may work at schools and universities.

Education/Training Requirements
Most behavioral health program coordinators hold a B.A. degree in psychology or a closely related field. They may be required to have previous administrative or managerial experience and must pass a background check. Some facilities require program coordinators to hold advanced degrees in psychology or nursing.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Compensation for behavioral health program coordinators depends largely on whether they work in public or private facilities. Salaries for these positions range from $45,000 – $70,000 per year. The demand for specialists in this field is growing steadily.

Health Teacher

Health teachers help students understand how the body works and how to lead healthy lives. These teachers may offer general courses or may specialize in an area such as mental health, sexual health, physical fitness or disease prevention. Teachers in this field work with children, teens and adults in a variety of settings.

Typical Workplace Environment
Health teachers may work in public schools and universities, at community health centers, in hospitals and in the offices of medical providers. They may also participate in community outreach by visiting student’s homes and giving seminars at places of business.

Education/Training Requirements
Health teachers must hold at least a four-year degree in a public health-related field. Those teachers who want to work in universities and hospitals may be required to hold an MA or PhD in public health or a specialized health field. Many states also require educators to hold a teaching credential.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for health teachers vary significantly depending on geographic location and workplace environment. Most health teachers earn between $48,000 – $64,000 per year. Demand for health teachers is growing rapidly.

Disaster Preparedness Researcher

Disaster preparedness researchers are key members of emergency preparedness teams. They analyze historic information about disaster response and compile data about overall emergency preparedness in a given area. They are responsible for writing detailed reports to present to policy and management advisors.

Typical Workplace Environment
Disaster preparedness researchers work both for government agencies and private companies. They work out of traditional offices but conduct extensive research in the field. Disaster preparedness researchers who work at private companies may travel to satellite offices and other company facilities.

Education/Training Requirements
Most disaster preparedness researchers hold a B.A. degree in either public health or crisis and disaster management. Researchers may also hold degrees in criminal justice and police operations. In college, they must complete intensive statistics courses. Disaster preparedness researchers are also provided with extensive on-the-job training.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The majority of disaster preparedness researchers earn between $45,000 – $60,000 per year. Senior researchers who work for private companies tend to earn more than those individuals employed by municipal and state governments. Demand for researchers in this field is growing at an above-average rate.

Public Health Journalist

Public health journalists are responsible for writing feature stories and articles about medical topics that are of interest to the general public. They communicate crucial information about new vaccinations and epidemics to a broad audience.

Typical Workplace Environment
Most public health journalists work for major newspapers, magazines and trade journals. Such journalists work out of an office and frequently visit hospitals, public health centers and research centers. Some public health journalists may work for private hospitals.

Education/Training Requirements
Public health journalists generally hold B.A. or M.A. degrees in journalism. They receive extensive, long-term training from their employers. Journalists who wish to work for magazines or trade journals are generally required to have some previous experience working for a newspaper.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Pay for public health journalists varies greatly depending on the type of publication for which they work. Salaries range from $28,000 to $55,000 per year. Demand for public health journalists is higher than demand for journalists in almost all other fields.

Medical Investigator

Medical investigators are responsible for collecting and examining evidence in order to determine the cause of death in criminal investigations. They may also be asked to investigate unattended deaths to determine if the individual died from natural causes. Medical investigators are required to keep thorough documentation to establish a chain of evidence.

Typical Workplace Environment
The majority of medical investigators work in medical examiner’s offices and forensics labs. They may be required to visit crime scenes in order to collect evidence and examine the deceased. They may be required to testify about evidence collection and handling in court.

Education/Training Requirements
Medical investigators generally hold four-year degrees in forensic science. Some medical investigators may be pre-med students who are working towards earning their medical degrees. Most medical investigators receive extensive on-the-job training.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary range for medical investigators varies depending upon experience. Most individuals in these roles earn between $33,000 – $52,000 per year. The demand for medical investigators is projected to grow at the same rate as the demand for most other skilled professionals.

Hazardous Waste Inspector

Hazardous waste inspectors protect public health by conducting inspections at waste treatment facilities, evaluating waste handling practices and providing education to the public. They must have a strong understanding of local, state and federal laws governing hazardous waste handling and treatment standards.

Typical Workplace Environment
Hazardous waste inspectors work for municipal or government facilities and for private waste management facilities. They spend most of their time in such facilities or inspecting waste handling along the waste management and disposal route for a given area. Some hazardous waste inspectors also visit citizens in their communities to provide household waste handling training.

Education/Training Requirements
Most municipalities require that hazardous waste inspectors hold a four-year degree in environmental health, waste management, chemistry/toxicology or a closely related field. Inspectors must also have prior experience in the waste management field.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Hazardous waste inspectors earn salaries ranging from $37,000 – $43,000 per year. Those inspectors who work for the federal government generally receive compensation that is slightly higher. The demand for workers in this sector is expected to rise steadily until at least 2020.
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Master’s Degree Typically Required

Accredited Online Masters in Public Health Degrees

  1. Masters in Public Health – Capella University (Request free info)
  2. Master of Public Health – Kaplan University (Request free info)
  3. Masters in International Public Health – University of Liverpool (Request free info)

Public Health Attorney

Public health attorneys work with local, state and national legislatures to craft policies, set regulations and pass laws governing public health standards. In addition, public health attorneys work as advocates for patients, balancing the public good against the individual’s rights. Some public health attorneys pursue lawsuits against organizations that violate public health standards.

Typical Work Environment
Most public health attorneys work out of an office; they may work for a government agency, a non-profit organization or even a traditional law firm. Occasionally, public health attorneys may work in the field or in the courtroom.

Education and Training Requirements
To become a public health attorney, an individual must hold a legal degree and be licensed to practice law in his or her jurisdiction. Additionally, a specialty in health law is helpful.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
The annual salary of a public health attorney can range from $54,000 to $164,000 or even higher, depending on the employer and the attorney’s experience. Although there are many opportunities available in this field, competition for these jobs is high; job growth in this field is average.

Management Policy Advisor

Management policy advisors are responsible for analyzing management activity and suggesting policy changes at nonprofit and for-profit organizations, corporations and government bodies. Individuals in these roles are generally considered members of an executive leadership team.

Typical Workplace Environment
Most management policy advisors work in an office environment. They may work in health organizations, private corporations and at government agencies. Policy advisors are required to familiarize themselves with all branches of an organization or business. Some advisors travel extensively to visit satellite locations.

Education/Training Requirements
Management policy advisors generally hold an advanced degree in public health and have prior experience in leadership roles. They must have extensive experience in the public health field. Many policy advisors also hold MBA degrees.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for management policy advisors vary greatly depending upon workplace environment. Those individuals who work for federal agencies and private companies tend to earn significantly higher salaries than those individuals who work for nonprofit organizations. On the whole, salaries in this field range from $90,000 – $150,000 per year. Demand for talented management policy advisors is growing at an above-average rate.

Health Center Administrator

Health care administrators manage healthcare facilities or direct and coordinate healthcare services. Some health center administrators act as general managers while others manage specific departments within the centers.

Typical Workplace Environment
Nearly 40 percent of all health center administrators in the U.S. work at hospitals. Other common employers include doctors’ offices, nursing homes, home healthcare companies and outpatient clinics. Most health center administrators work full time and may be required to work overtime during the week or on weekends.

Education/Training Requirements
The minimum educational requirement for health center administrators is a bachelor’s degree, but most people employed in this position hold a master’s degree in healthcare administration, health services, public health or business administration. Some health centers may employ individuals based on past work experience in lieu of formal education.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
In 2010, the median annual salary of health center administrators was $84,270. However, the lowest 10 percent earned $51,280 or less, and the top 10 percent earned $144,880 or more per year. The job market for health center administrators is expected to increase by 22 percent through the year 2020.

Director of Family Health Services

Directors of family health services are responsible for overseeing the operation of public family health centers. Individuals in these roles are required to manage facility finances, handle human resources issues and actively participate in long-term facility planning.

Typical Workplace Environment
Directors of family health services work in public and private family health centers. Directors spend time in health centers but complete the majority of their work in a traditional office environment.

Education/Training Requirements
Most directors of family health services hold an M.A. degree in public health. They must have extensive experience in health facilities management. Some individuals in these roles also hold advanced nursing degrees.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for directors of family health services are largely dependent upon the size of the facility and the geographic location in which such professionals work. Directors in these roles can earn anywhere between $70,000 – $125,000 per year. While demand for talented individuals in these roles remains steady, there are generally only a few openings for directors of health family services nationwide every year.

Biostatistician

Biostatisticians use mathematics and statistics in the research of life sciences, which may include disciplines such as public health, medicine and environmental science. The statistics used in the research are collected after developing scientific studies and obtaining data from their implementation.

Typical Workplace Environment
The largest employer of biostatisticians is the federal government. Other organizations employing biostatisticians include state and local governments, pharmaceutical companies and private research firms. Most biostatisticians work in offices or laboratories.

Education/Training Requirements
Although entry-level statistician jobs are available for those who earn a bachelor’s degree, most jobs require at least a master’s degree in mathematics, statistics or a discipline that requires strong research skills. Top jobs for biostatisticians require a Ph.D.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
As of 2010, statisticians earn a median wage of $72,830. However, the lowest 10 percent earn less than $39,090, and the top 10 percent earn over $119,100. The job market for statisticians is expected to grow by 14 percent from 2010 to 2020, which is equivalent to the average growth of all jobs.

Legislative Policy Advisor

Legislative policy advisors use their medical and legal expertise to influence the politicians and organizations for whom they work. They are responsible for researching the benefits and drawbacks of legislation related to public health.

Typical Workplace Environment
Legislative policy advisors work for individual politicians, advocacy organizations and think tanks. The majority of their work is conducted in an office environment. They may also spend a great deal of time doing research in hospitals and law libraries.

Education/Training Requirements
Most legislative policy advisors hold an M.A. degree in public health. They must have extensive experience in either the public health or legal field prior to advancing into advisor roles. Many legislative policy advisors hold both advanced legal and medical training.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for legislative policy advisors vary greatly depending upon whether they work for nonprofit advocacy organizations or private groups and politicians. Salaries in this field range from $65,000 – $110,000. Demand for talented legislative policy advisors who specialize in public health is growing at a rapid rate.

Infection Preventionist

Infection Preventionists analyze data to determine whether a certain infection is likely to be an issue and work with the community to educate the public about infection prevention. They may be tasked with informing the public about the need for medications or immunizations that will help prevent infection before it spreads.

Typical Workplace Environment
Infection Preventionists generally work in the field in conjunction with the leaders of a community to help prevent the spread of infection.

Education/Training Requirements
Infection Preventionists are typically required to hold a master’s degree in public health from an accredited university. Some employers may even prefer to hire an Infection Preventionist who holds a doctorate in public health.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary of an Infection Preventionist varies widely. The salary ranges from $40,000 – $100,000, and individuals who work in metropolitan areas and are employed by a government agency make the most. Demand for Infection Preventionists is projected to grow faster than other occupations.

Epidemiologist

Epidemiologists are tasked with identifying public health problems and determining the cause of illness. Once they have determined the cause of the spread of an illness, epidemiologists report what they have found to officials who can then take steps to prevent any further spread of illness in the community.

Typical Workplace Environment
Epidemiologists tend to work in medical facilities including hospitals and laboratories. Any fieldwork done by these professionals involves examining illness in the community.

Education/Training Requirements
Epidemiologist are required to have a minimum of a master’s degree in epidemiology. Some employers required epidemiologists to hold a Ph.D. in the field.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary for epidemiologists ranges from $42,000 – $98,300. Impacts on salary include the region and the population density of the area. Although most epidemiologists are full time employees with predictable work schedules, unexpected health concerns in the surrounding area can require a professional to work long hours.

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Pharmacoepidemiologist

Pharmacoepidemiologists belong to a subset of epidemiologists, who are clinical researchers responsible for investigating the cause and spread of disease. Pharmacoepidemiologists incorporate the discipline of pharmacology into epidemiology in order to study the beneficial effects of drugs and their risks when administered to large groups of people.

Typical Workplace Environment
Over half of all pharmacoepidemiologists work for local, state and federal governments. Those that do not work for the government are employed by hospitals, universities, medical research firms and pharmaceutical companies.

Education/Training Requirements
Pharmacoepidemiologists require a master’s degree to be eligible for entry-level positions. Degrees in public health are common, but they may also be in epidemiology, pharmacology or another field that focuses on public health and biostatistics.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
The median wage of pharmacoepidemiologists in 2010 was $63,010. However, the salaries of the middle 80 percent ranged from $42,360 to $98,380. Pharmacoepidemiologists working for private pharmaceutical companies earned the highest wages while those working for the government earned the least. Jobs for pharmacoepidemiologists are expected to grow by 24 percent through 2020.

Academic Policy Advisor

Academic policy advisors are responsible for making crucial decisions about health education programs. They are also required to allocate funds and may be required to assist in the preparation of grants.

Typical Workplace Environment
Academic policy advisors work for major health organizations, state and federal health departments, and universities. They spend the majority of their time working in their offices in an administrative capacity but periodically visit classrooms and public health centers.

Education/Training Requirements
The majority of academic policy advisors hold an MA degree in public health. Some individuals in these positions are also medical doctors who hold MD degrees. High-profile public health organizations may require policy advisors to have experience as practicing physicians.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for academic policy advisors vary significantly based upon experience, geographic location and the facility in which one is employed. The majority of individuals in these positions make between $52,000 – $85,000 per year. Demand for these professionals is growing more rapidly than demand for professionals in other sectors.

Public Health Consultant

Public health consultants work with governments and healthcare providers to design and implement public health policies. After helping to design new policies, they inspect local healthcare providers to determine the effectiveness of various policies. Additionally, they advise local providers on how to implement new policies.

Working Environment
Public health consultants spend most of their time working out of an office. However, they may spend part of their time touring hospitals, clinics and other healthcare facilities.

Education and Training Required
Public health consultants must possess advanced degrees; for most states, a master’s degree in a relevant subject is required. Relevant subjects include public health, counseling or public health administration; experience in a related field may be substituted for some education. No special training or certification is needed to become a public health consultant.

Salary Expectations and Opportunities
Public health consultants can expect to make between $40,000 and $80,000 per year, depending on education and experience. Consultants who find employment in the private sector may be able to earn more. Job growth for this position is average.

Emergency Preparedness and Bioterrorism Coordinator

Emergency preparedness and bioterrorism coordinators work with local health departments to ensure that sufficient staff are in place in case of bioterrorist attacks or public health emergencies. They work closely with policy advisors to implement emergency management plans and oversee staff training.

Typical Workplace Environment
Emergency preparedness and bioterrorism coordinators work in health departments and with government agencies. They split their time between a traditional office environment and the field.

Education/Training Requirements
Coordinators in these positions are generally required to hold an M.A. degree in public health. Some individuals who hold nursing degrees or B.A. degrees in public health qualify for these jobs so long as they also have at least two years of work experience in the emergency preparedness field.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary range for emergency preparedness and bioterrorism coordinators varies significantly depending upon geographic area. Most individuals in these roles earn between $40,000 – $75,000 per year. Demand for emergency preparedness and bioterrorism coordinators is growing rapidly across the U.S.

Public Health Planner

Public health planners are responsible for compiling and analyzing statistics pertinent to public health issues. They are generally expected to oversee different divisions within public health departments and must secure funding for public health programs. Some public health planners specialize in a certain area such as sexual or mental health.

Typical Workplace Environment
Public health planners generally work in county- and state-level public health departments. They may also be employed by major hospitals and educational institutions.

Education/Training Requirements
All public health planners must hold at least a BA degree in public health or a closely related field. The majority of individuals in these positions also hold advanced degrees in public health, public health policy or urban planning. They must have some previous experience working in public health or urban planning.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for public health planners can vary significantly based on location. The majority of individuals in these positions make between $40,400 – $63,000. The demand for public health planners is expected to grow at a rate of 16 percent until at least 2020.
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Doctoral Degree Required

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International HIV Specialist

International HIV Specialists work with patients who are infected with HIV to help them maintain a normal lifestyle. These individuals also have vast knowledge of the spread of HIV and are tasked with protecting the public by preventing the spread of the disease.

Typical Workplace Environment
International HIV Specialists typically work in a doctor’s office or hospital setting. These professionals may be required to work in the field to help prevent the outbreak of an infection.

Education/Training Requirements
The base academic requirement for International HIV Specialists is a medical degree. However, the designation of HIV specialist is only given once a doctor has completed a minimum of 30 credit hours of continuing medical education on the topic of HIV.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
International HIV Specialists receive a salary in the $100,000 – $500,000 range. Salary is based on experience, area and type of employer. International HIV Specialists working for the government to assist with public health concerns make a median salary of approximately $175,000 per year. Job growth is expected to be average.

Public Health Dentist

Public Health Dentists contribute a wide range of knowledge to the community regarding oral health. They provide dental care at clinics, consult community-based dental programs, advise in forming oral policy and educate the public about oral health.

Typical Workplace Environment
Public Health Dentists spend most of their time in meetings or in the clinic, depending on their seniority. They can be found in universities, health centers, clinics and public health departments.

Education/Training Requirements
Senior Public Health Dentists must have a doctorate degree in dental surgery or medicine. They should also have a license to practice. Additionally, some Public Health Dentists obtain a Master’s in Public Health degree. However, becoming a hygienist does not require a 4-year college degree.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries range from $30,000 for hygienists to over $250,000 for more senior positions. Salaries vary by education and experience. Demand for Public Health Dentists is expected to increase faster than average.

Corporate Medical Director

Corporate Medical Directors oversee the health of a corporation’s employees and employ measures to prevent injury and spread of sickness. They deal with a wide range of occupational settings, including offices and factories. They also work to address a variety of issues like air quality and injury prevention.

Typical Workplace Environment
Corporate Medical Directors usually can be found in office and industrial settings. They can be conducting meetings, reading reports, working with office or factory designers and meeting with employees.

Education/Training Requirements
Corporate Medical Directors should have an M.D. and around 10 years of medical experience prior to being promoted to such a title. Board certification within a specialty may be required, depending on the setting.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries range from $120,000 to $236,000 or more based on the size and scope of the employer. Demand for Corporate Medical Directors is strong, with the insurance, pharmaceutical, biotechnology and healthcare industries fueling growth.

Public Health Physician

Public health physicians focus on ensuring that quality medical care is available to all members of the general public by conducting research, teaching health classes and handling leadership duties. They also work directly with patients to diagnose illnesses. Many public health physicians are considered preventative medicine physicians.

Typical Workplace Environment
Public health physicians work at hospitals, public health facilities, universities and government agencies. Most public health physicians spend about 50 percent of their time working in their offices and 50 percent of their time interacting with the public at medical facilities.

Education/Training Requirements
Public health physicians must hold medical degrees. They are generally required to be board-certified preventative medicine specialists. Some public health physicians hold an M.A. degree in public health.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for public health physicians vary somewhat depending upon geographic location and previous experience in this field. Most public health physicians earn between $150,000 – $200,000 per year. Demand for public health physicians is projected to grow at an above-average rate until at least 2020.

Tropical Disease Specialist

Tropical Disease Specialists assist with maintaining the health of the general population by preventing the spread of tropical diseases. Tropical diseases are often highly infectious and can put the public in danger, so Tropical Disease Specialists are essential public health professionals.

Typical Workplace Environment
Tropical Disease Specialists typically work in the field examining patients who have recently traveled abroad or have been in contact with someone who has traveled to a tropical location. These professionals may also work in a laboratory to analyze samples.

Education/Training Requirements
Most Tropical Disease Specialists are doctors, so a medical degree is required for this specialization. Additional knowledge pertinent to the cause and spread of tropical diseases in particular is necessary. Tropical Disease Specialists may enroll in coursework specific to tropical diseases during medical school.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The salary for Tropical Disease Specialists ranges from $115,000 to $190,000. Professionals who work in large metropolitan areas for government agencies tend to make more than those employed by medical offices in suburban areas.

Public Health Veterinarian

Public health veterinarians work with federal and local government agencies, hospitals, legislators and the general public to monitor, control, prevent and reduce both human and animal illness. Acting as researchers, pathologists, epidemiologists and other specialists, they investigate and monitor outbreaks of diseases that animals can transmit to humans such as rabies, malaria, Ebola and West Nile virus. They may also monitor farm and processing plant environments as well as the safety and quality of animal-derived medicines, cosmetics and food products.

Typical Workplace Environment
Public health veterinarians may work in a clinic, office, laboratory or outdoor environment exclusively, or they may perform duties in a variety of settings. Some may be required to travel.

Education/Training Requirements
A position as a public health veterinarian typically requires both a doctor of veterinary medicine and master of public health degree.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
The average median salary range for public health veterinarians is $100,000 – $150,000. The demand for these specialists is expected to increase significantly over the next decade.

Bioterrorism Researcher

Bioterrorism researchers work with state and federal agencies to identify biological pathogens, develop means to diagnose new diseases and evaluate how quickly new treatments can be developed following a bioterrorist attack. They analyze both known toxins and predict the types of toxins that might be used in future attacks.

Typical Workplace Environment
Most bioterrorism researchers work in a laboratory environment. The majority of researchers in this field are employed at major government health organizations. Some bioterrorism researchers may work in private laboratories or in university research settings.

Education/Training Requirements
Bioterrorism researchers are generally required to hold a doctoral degree in immunology, microbiology, virology, genetics or a related field. Many professionals in this field also hold M.A. degrees in public health.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salaries for bioterrorism researchers vary significantly according to experience level and geographic location. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that the salary range for such jobs runs between $40,000 – $150,000 per year. Increases in funding for bioterrorism research have led to an increased demand for specialists in this field.

Vaccine Researcher

Vaccine research requires the work of people in several different positions in the healthcare field, including medical doctors, medical scientists, microbiologists, and clinical lab technicians. Vaccine researchers act together to improve existing vaccines and create new ones that are capable of preventing viral diseases.

Typical Workplace Environment
Nearly all vaccine researchers work in laboratory settings for various organizations. Most conduct their research for private medical and pharmaceutical companies. Other vaccine researchers work for universities, the government or general hospitals. Specific duties and work environments depend on the role and occupation of the individual.

Education/Training Requirements
Most positions as vaccine researchers require doctoral degrees, such as an M.D. or Ph.D. in one of the biological sciences. Some employers may require that researchers hold both an M.D. and a Ph.D.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
In 2010, the median salary of vaccine researchers was $76,700. However, some vaccine researchers made less than $41,560 and others made more than $142,800. The growth rate for jobs as vaccine researchers is one of the highest in the country. Job opportunities are expected to increase by 36 percent from 2010 to 2020.

Outcomes Researcher

Outcomes researchers study the effectiveness of health care practices and programs. They analyze both how well treatments worked and the quality of life that patients enjoyed after receiving such treatments. Outcomes researchers compile and analyze their collected data for presentation to health facility boards and stakeholders.

Typical Workplace Environment
Most outcomes researchers work out of offices in hospitals and public health facilities. While they do spend time gathering data in the field, they spend the vast majority of their workday analyzing collected data using special computer programs.

Education/Training Requirements
Outcomes researchers must be familiar with public health issues, medical practices and statistical analysis. As such, they are generally required to hold a doctorate degree in epidemiology or public health. They must have training in outcomes research, which is usually gained by working in a university research laboratory.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Most outcomes researchers are classified as health scientists or statisticians. Salaries for these jobs range between $85,000 – $134,000 per year. Demand for researchers, especially in federally run agencies, is increasing steadily.

Mental Health Researcher

Mental Health Researchers explore how mental health interacts with people and environment. They examine the roots, prevention and treatment of mental conditions with respect to the public and promote awareness within the community.

Typical Workplace Environment
Mental Health Researchers largely spend their time conducting research, both observing in the field and conducting experiments. Researchers also meet with community groups and related consultants to discuss findings and plan future research topics.

Education/Training Requirements
Mental Health Researchers have at least a Master’s degree, with most having a Ph.D. or M.D. Through obtaining these advanced degrees, Mental Health Researchers develop the research and communication skills required to study mental health.

Salary Range & Employment Outlook
Salary can range from $53,000 to $110,000, depending largely on seniority and place of employment. Employment for Mental Health Researchers exists if the proposed research topics warrant funding.

Behavior Scientist

Behavior science is a wide discipline that includes psychologists, cognitive scientists and social neuroscientists. Behavior scientists focusing on public health study how people interact with each other, and they seek to discover the processes behind the decisions made by people.

Typical Workplace Environment
Approximately 34 percent of behavior scientists are self-employed, and the majority of them are psychologists. Nearly 30 percent work for schools or educational services while 20 percent work for the healthcare industry.

Education/Training Requirements
Most behavior scientists hold some form of doctoral degree, which may include a Ph.D. in psychology or a related discipline or a doctor of psychology (Psy.D.) degree. However, some behavior scientists working in technical capacities may be able to find jobs with a master’s degree. Most states require that behavior scientists are licensed or certified.

Salary Range and Employment Outlook
The median annual wage of behavior scientists in 2010 was $68,640. However, the bottom 10 percent earned less than $39,200, and the top 10 percent earned over $111,810. Growth in this field is expected to increase by 22 percent through 2020.

Professor of Public Health

Professors of public health have a major impact on public health because they are responsible for teaching future public health workers. The duties of a professor of public health include lecturing, grading papers and preparing course materials.

Typical Workplace Environment
Professors of public health work at public and private colleges and universities.

Education and Training Required
Education requirements for professors of public health vary. Some community colleges may require only a master’s degree while many universities require a Ph.D.

Typical Salary Range and Job Outlook
Professors of public health receive anywhere from $40,000 to over $100,000 per year. Their salaries depend on many factors including the location and type of school at which they’re employed. For example, private universities generally pay more than public universities. The salary of a professor of public health will also depend upon whether he or she is a full, associate, assistant or adjunct professor. As with most health-related jobs, the employment outlook for professors of public health is excellent.

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