Top Public Health Risks
1/10,000 Americans will be murdered or commit suicide using a gun this year.
3.59/100,000 Americans murdered with gun (last year)
6.3/100,000 Americans commit suicide by firearm (last year)— that’s 50.55% of all suicides!
With your odds of being assaulted with a firearm at
50.8/100,000 Or 1/2000
That’s a massive risk to public health.
Smallpox: a timeline
Pre-1798–Swept across continents killing 30% of infected.
60-85% of survivors have deep scars across their body and face.
1798–Inoculation with cowpox discovered as protection.
1960-1980–World Health Campaign to eradicate smallpox.
Today–Doesn’t occur naturally, but can be used as a biological weapon.
Untreatable: Drug-resistant illnesses
23,000 deaths to drug resistant illnesses last year Most in hospitals and nursing homes.
Most at risk:
Dialysis for Renal Disease
Organ and Bone Marrow Transplants
30% of the population live with staph in their nose or on their skin.
Staph “colonizes” 30% of the population and lives in their nose or on their skin.
–>It’s passed to others through open wounds
If not completely cured morphs into drug resistant MRSA
West Nile Virus is incredibly resilient
Discovered Uganda (1937)–>
Transferred to New York (1999)–>
(37,000 cases)(4% fatality rate)(1999-2013) Spread across entire U.S. (2013)–>
How it works:
Infected mosquito bites swell your brain
–> And you die.
Chagas Disease is in 20-60% of mammals in US urban ecosystems
That kills 50,000 yearly–>
In Latin America
Obesity, the silent killer
35.7% of American Adults are Obese
Costing $3.91 more in medical costs per day
$27.41 more a week
$109.62 more a month
And $1,429 more a year
Than healthy weight adults
Obesity has exploded in America:
No data states: NV,NB,KS
<10% states:GA,WA,MOnt, UT, CO,NM
10-14% states:All other states
>30% states: Everything else
Smoking is the single largest preventable danger to the U.S. people
With 443,000 people dying from second hand smoke or smoking every year Or nearly 50 an hour
And 8.6 million living with serious illnesses due to smoking
(that’s 1/36.5 Americans, OF ALL AGES)
Good thing smoking is slowly decreasing.
[by year, number of current smokers, total–both genders] 1965-42.5%
The CDC is preparing a comprehensive plan for Climate Change
1.)Increased temperatures =
Increased cardiovascular and respiratory disease
Heat= more ground level ozone=direct harm to lungs (asthma, COPD)
2.)Droughts= concentration of contaminated water/ shortage of water
3.)Migration of pathogen bearing organisms
4.) Coastal flooding=
loss of infrastructure
interruption of healthcare
Soil Ph changes hurting agriculture
5.) CO2 concentrations in salt water =
More acidic seas
Destruction of fisheries
147,000 people died worldwide last year from climate, meteorological and hydrological events. It’s a big deal.
There are a massive range of bioterror threats
–Easily spread from person to person
–Massive casualty rate
–Disruption of healthcare system
Anthrax, Smallpox, Plague
–Moderately easy to spread
–Moderate morbidity, low mortality rates
Ricin, viruses, salmonella , mosquito borne illnesses
–Ease of production and dissemination
–If disseminated en masse cause massive mortality
Tick borne illnesses, Nipah Virus, Yellow Fever, Drug resistant tuberculosis
In complex societies, public health risks can affect us all. Take precautions, support infrastructure and education.